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In the eastern part of Chad you are essentially lives on agriculture and livestock. However lacking technical resources, local expertise and conventions that regulate the management of land between pastoralists and farmers. Consequently, the use of natural resources is often competitive and confrontational, turning into a source of continuing conflict.
In this situation you can also add a lack of knowledge of the texts governing the land, grazing and exploitation of natural resources, coupled with a low level of schooling and literacy of populations, factors that further contribute to exacerbate tensions between agriculture and breeding.
Finally, the structural situation is exacerbated by population pressure, in a context where infrastructure, the system of support to livestock production and public health services are unable to meet the needs required for a proper development of the sheep-farming sector.
The action, also supported by the Canton TicinoIt is therefore working to promote coordinated management, sustainable and equitable management of pastoral resources through the development of local mechanisms aimed at ensuring food security of the rural population and improve the resilience of vulnerable populations, among others, young people and women.
More specifically, capacity building (organization of various training courses on conflict prevention and management) will synergistically on at least three levels: between regional administrative authorities, at departmental level and at the level of civil society with a course of regional committees , departmental and local prevention and management of conflicts in the cantons and sub-sector, 2 workshops for civil society organizations (dissemination of texts and peaceful management mechanisms of the conflict), a regional information campaign, to 10 committees training on causes and consequences of conflicts, a training cycle of departmental committees on natural resources management.
Beneficiaries 1 Regional Action Committee, 2 and 8 departmental action committees local action committees, for a total of 100 individuals; the agro-pastoral groups (agro-pastoral groups, associations of shepherds and farmers), for a total of at least 2,000 individuals (of which at least 30% women); community facilities (10 local committees of Understanding).
indirect beneficiaries of these actions can be calculated based on the number of individuals belonging to all the families of sedentary pastoralists, semi-sedentary and transhumant of the Sila region, approximately 387,400 individuals (where about 52% are women).
The project relies on the involvement of the technicians of the Regional Delegation for Rural Development of the Ministry of Livestock Sila, the technical service responsible for the livestock sector. A Regional Technical Agent (ATR) of the Delegation is especially entrusted to the supervision of the project activities, as a state representative.
The project takes place from 05.01.2019 to 31.12.2019