Chad Project 2017
Promoting alimentary and nutritional safety in Chad: supporting local communities in the region of Hadjer Lamis
Republic of Chad, Hadjer-Lamis region, Dagana department, three prefectures (Rural Massakory, Tourba and Karal), five cantons (Kanembou, Haddad, Kamiroum, Diaou and Karal), for a population of 241.448 (SISAAP 2015) – the majority of inhabitants are agro-pastoral .
Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world: it ranks as 183rd country from 187, according to the 2011 Human Development Index developed by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The economy, of pure subsistence, still depends heavily on agriculture and livestock farming.
The region of Hadjer-Lamis suffers from a particularly precarious situation in regard to nutritional and alimentary safety, with 13.9% of acute global malnutrition (AGM) among children aged 6 to 59 and with 2.9% of Severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Moreover, one in three families is at risk of food security, especially due to the consequences of droughts, floods and bad harvests, a situation which has led the CILSS (Comité Inter-états de Lutte contre Sécheresse au Sahel) to classify this area as critic in terms of food vulnerability. Due to continuous droughts, agricultural production in the area has drastically deteriorated in recent years with a negative difference of 51% in cereals, which has caused a sharp rise in product prices.
COOPI Suisse intends to contribute to the fight against malnutrition through a program that COOPI has been implementing for three years in the Department of Dagana. The initiative is based on an integrated and multisectoral approach focused on the socio-economic development of local communities to increase their resilience and autonomy. The goal is to provide families with additional income and thus ensure access to food even during the most difficult times, reducing the risk of their children to grow malnourished.
COOPI Suisse’s contribution supports early identification of malnutrition cases: in the department COOPI has structured a system of identification and reference of cases with Severe Acute Malnutrition (ASM) and Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) to the health centers of the area . Eighty community members were trained on early identification techniques and were commissioned to conduct a campaign every three months in the various villages in their area of responsibility. The activity proposed here will enable 3 early identification campaigns of one month each.
The project’s direct beneficiaries are considered to be 900 vulnerable agro-pastoral families of the Dagana Department, or about 5400 people. The indirect beneficiaries of the project are the 241,448 inhabitants of the Dagana Department (SISAAP 2015).